Kluge: The Haphazard Construction of the Human Mind is a non-fiction book by American psychologist Gary Marcus. A “kluge” is a patched-together. May 30, Kluge: The Haphazard Construction of the Human Mind by Gary Marcus pp, Faber, £ Why do I find it so difficult to remember a string. Kluge: The Haphazard Construction of the Human Mind. Gary Marcus. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin, pages, ISBN: (hbk); $

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Perhaps this is as a good reason as any to believe in an ever-present God? Why do I find it so difficult to remember a string of eight numbers, when my pocket calculator can do it without hesitation or error? Feb 28, Konrad Joseph rated it it was amazing. He sets out to set the record straight, examining such ‘mind’ qualities as Memory, Belief, Choice, Language and Pleasure.

There are no discussion topics on this book yet. Might have been too pop for my tastes — but it sparked my curiosity haphazadr read more academic treatments of adaptationism and optimality in cognitive science.

Thus – according to ,luge – we prefer instant gratification to the chance of greater, longer-term benefits. Marcus gives excellent example This is for you, Kirsti!

But, nonliving things need water too Marcus offers the example of a car battery. We have built on the “old” brains of hominids and older ancestors and had to tackle new, shinier problems. The Panda has no thumb, but it has a wrist bone it has more or less successfully evolved to use for the purpose. I found items in my own life explained that have always bothered me deeply why is goal setting so difficult – it always seems like future discounting takes away the desire to to good goal setting.

High-energy foods leading to the pleasure of dopamine release motivated our ancestors to crave these foods, and get the energy needed to survive. Before agriculture, our hunter gathering ancestors were not guaranteed a constant supply of food as most of us are today.


See 2 questions about Kluge….

Trial-and-error evolution

Up front, the author jumps to the material of Richard Dawkins and other popular books in the realm of atheism in an apparent effort to piggy back upon or appropriate some of the controversy or success perhaps of these works, to make comments in the realm of this populist field.

Sure, as he demonstrates, English is a kluge, but is this true in the same way of Chinese or Urdu? There are plenty of great reviews on Goodreads which summarise and review. Preview — Kluge by Gary F.

Kluge: The Haphazard Construction of the Human Mind by Gary F. Marcus

Such engineering nightmares are, hyman Gary Marcus points out, the reverse of anything resembling intelligent design.

Marcus also notes what actually happens rarely matches with when it occurs as a common memory kluge. In this context, therefore, this work can also be considered as a demolishing of the belief that human beings are ‘perfectly designed’ mechanisms.

In his words, our brains and minds are supreme kluges, a kluge being an engineer’s term for a clumsy solution to a design problem – an “ill-assorted collection of poorly matching parts forming a distressing whole”, in the words of computer pioneer Jackson Granholm.

The human mind in effect invented and refined the computer to a specialized purpose, which of course is going to handle the tasks it is created to do more efficiently than the human mind, otherwise there would be no purpose in creating it. Both syllogisms follow the same structure, but if you insert new words into the major and minor premises, the argument makes little sense.

Kluge: The Haphazard Construction of the Human Mind

Like Thinking, Fast and Slow but he tries to explain the many cognitive biases in terms of evolutionary adaptations. During this time, most children eat the marshmallow.

Their intent is to help us become aware of the ‘kluginess’ of the human mind and to help us appreciate that we can choose more wisely in our dealings with our realities; and with any luck we will all be wiser and happier klugs a result. To view it, click here. The reflexive is the older of the two, good at quick thinking. Marcus provides two examples: There are three layers to the brain and each developed at a different period of human evolution.


This is the very crux of the problem, according to Marcus. And the newest area, the forebrain, sits atop the thd and governs language and decision making.

Review: The Haphazard Construction of the Human Mind by Gary Marcus | Books | The Guardian

My memory is a constant source of disappointment. Niente a che vedere con un progetto o una direzione, l’evoluzione ha usato strutture pre-esistenti per adattarsi. Interestin A long article stretched to a small book. Perhaps it isn’t biological evolution to be blamed here, but the injustices of the social order conxtruction which human biological evolution is occurring.

Yet, for all this, Marcus’s analysis shares a fault with the evolutionary psychologists he criticises: In Kludge, Gary Marcus highlights a number of design problems with the mind and explains the corresponding evolutionary reasons why these problems have arisen.

I mindd the NOOkcolor ebook edition I thought I’d really love a book about evolution’s mistakes, especially one who shows irrefutably Creationists are.

Sep 24, Bill mlnd it did not like it. I hope the book and Marcus’ 13 suggestions for becoming a better “thinker” stay with me. The book’s breezy style is evidently attuned to an American market in which the target reader is – in Marcus’s own phrase – “Joe Sixpack” or, presumably, his female partner.

In passing this book is an excellent critique of Intelligent Design — but where Darwin criticised this notion on the basis of the badly designed bits of the human body too many teeth for our mouths, a vestige tail bone, an construftion that does very little other than rupture occasionally and then kill us this book does much the same with our curiously badly designed brains.