Introduction Meaning Of The Word ‘Caliph’ The word ‘Caliph’ is the English form of the Arabic word ‘Khalifa,’ which is short for Khalifatu Rasulil-lah. Khilafat Rashida is on Facebook. Join Facebook to connect with Khilafat Rashida and others you may know. Facebook gives people the power to share and. KHILAFAT E RASHIDA, IN URDU, WHAT HISTORY OF ISLAM, ISLAMIC HISTORY TELLS, BY FATMAH MAHMAIZ. from fatmah mahmaiz. LIVE. 0.

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However, after Muhammad passed away, a group of Muslims left Ali and gathered at Saqifa. Sunni Muslims developed the belief that the caliph is a temporal political ruler, appointed to rule within the bounds of Islamic law The rules of life set by Allah in the Qur’an. In order to minimize the chances of corruption, Umar made it a point to pay rashica salaries to the staff.

They also possessed spears and daggers. Ghanimah or Khums was the booty captured on the occasion of war with the enemy. Umar is also remembered for establishing the Islamic calendar; it is lunar like the Arabian calendar, but the origin is set inthe year of the Hijra when Muhammad emigrated to Medina. Caliph Ali also followed the same method.

During his reign Uthman gave Muawiyah permission to build a navy after concerning the matter. The conquest of Syria slowed down under him while Abu Ubaida relied heavily on the advice of Khalid, and kept him beside him as much as possible. This reform was introduced in She was buried in that same spot which became a holy site for both many local Muslims and Christians and, much later inthe Hala Sultan Tekke was built there by the Ottomans.

Of all people, you were the best Companion to the Messenger of Allah salAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam ; you possessed the best qualities; you had the best past; you ranked the highest; and you were closest to him. Want to Read saving…. The Rashidun Caliphate is characterized by a twenty-five year period of rapid military expansionfollowed by a five-year period of internal strife.


Al-Asqalani used two ayahs from the Qur’an to justify this:. InAli was assassinated by Ibn Muljam as part of a Kharijite plot to rashids all the different Islamic leaders meaning to end the civil war, whereas the Kharijites failed to assassinate Mu’awiya and ‘Amr ibn al-‘As. Whether or not he intended a knilafat imperial conquest is hard to say; he did, however, set in motion a historical trajectory that in just a few short decades would lead to one of the largest empires in history.

Give them khilafag leaders double the punishment you give us and curse them with a very great curse” Retrieved 27 February In your overall character, you embody truth and compassion.

During the famine of food grains were brought from Egypt to Arabia through this canal from the sea which saved the lives of millions of inhabitants of Arabia.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Rashidun Caliphate

Disabled dhimmis did not have to pay jizya and, were even given a stipend by the state. With the bounty secured from conquest, Umar was able to support its faith in material ways: Archived from the original on January 10, On the other hand, Usama ibn Zaid got At the time of appointment a complete inventory of all the possessions of the person concerned was prepared and kept in record.

May Allah curse those men who do not go with him.

By the mid-7th Century, the Arabs controlled all of Mesopotamia, including the area rasjida is now the Iranian province of Khuzestan. This was, in fact, done to let Heraclius prepare for defences and raise new armies.

When people were stingy in their support for the Messenger of Allah salAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam you comforted him.


Umar rejected the proposal and decided to start with the clan of Muhammad. The Battle of Fahl”. The Conquest of Hira”. You stood up firmly and bravely when his other Companions lost their resolve and became soft. He was assisted by Abdur Rahman bin Awf and Muiqib. It is well known during a time of drought in the Rashidun caliphate period, capital punishments were suspended until the effects of the drought passed.


When the stipulated amount of the tribute was paid, the Muslim forces withdrew to Barqa. The Succession to Muhammad: Crucially, in conquered lands, Umar did not require that non-Muslim populations convert to Islam, nor did he try to centralize government.

Rashidun Caliphate – Wikipedia

Abu Bakra close companion of Muhammad from the Banu Taym clan, was elected the first Rashidun leader and began the conquest of the Arabian Peninsula. Khalid received a call of help from northern Arabia at Daumat-ul-jandal, where another Muslim Arab general, Iyad ibn Ghanmwas trapped among the rebel tribes.

Com December 1, Obey me as long as I obey Allah and His Messenger sallallaho alehe wassallum. There were 2 major routes to Syria from Iraq, khillafat passing through Mesopotamia and the other through Daumat ul-Jandal. Imammate of Oman — Ziyadids — Yufirids — Ukhaidhirds — Rassids — Qarmatians — Wajihids — Sharifate of Mecca — Sulayhids — Sulaymanids — Uyunids — Zurayids — Nabhanids — Mahdids — Rasulids kkhilafat Usfurids — Jarwanids — Kathirids — Tahirids — Jabrids — Qasimids — Ya’arubids — Upper Yafa — Muscat and Oman — Rashidids — Sultanate of Zanzibar — Qu’aitids — Emirate of Beihan — Idrisids — Mutawakkilite Kingdom — After the three-day deadline was over, the Muslim cavalry under Khalid’s command attacked the Roman army by catching up to them using an unknown shortcut at the battle of Maraj-al-Debaj.

Non-Muslims may serve in the majlis, though they may not vote or serve as an official. Companion- versus Caliph-Oriented History: The merchandise valued at khilafar or khilafag was not taxed.

A separate Accounts Department was also set up and it was required to maintain record of all that was spent. According to some sources, the Persian losses were 20, and the Arabs lost 10, men.