In the 8th century BC, India could be broadly understood in terms of five large regions viz. Madhyadesa (the middle country), Pratichya (western lands), Prachya. By the 6th century B.C. there were approximately 22 different Janapadas. The key points related to the Janapadas and the Mahajanapadas are. PDF | On Jan 1, , Karam Tej Sarao and others published Janapadas, Mahājanapadas, Kingdoms, and Republics.

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16 Mahajanapada and their capitals

Classical Maurya Dynastyc. King Sujata ruled over both the Chedis and Matsyas, thus showing that Matsya once mahajanapaddas a part of the Chedi kingdom. One king might conduct a military campaign often designated as Digvijaya meaning victory over all the directions and defeat another king in a battle, lasting for a day. All other ancient texts read Kashi. Part of a series on the.

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Altekarthis theory is based on a misunderstanding of the text: The Sanskrit term janapada is a tatpurusha compound term, composed of two words: The commentator of Kautiliya ‘s Arthashastra identifies Ashmaka with Maharashtra.

It finds mention as the center of Vedic Dharma.

They were a powerful people dwelling in Northern South Asia. New Delhi, National Book Trust. Ancient Buddhist texts like the Anguttara Nikaya [1] make frequent reference to sixteen great kingdoms and republics which had evolved and flourished in a mmahajanapadas stretching from Gandhara in the northwest to Anga in the eastern part of the Indian subcontinent and included parts of the trans- Vindhyan region, [2] prior to the rise of Buddhism in India. These republican states were known as Gana.


The Buddhist canonical texts – Anguttara NikayaDigha NikayaChulla-Niddesaalthough with some differences between them, primarily refer to the following 16 mahajanapadas “great janapadas”: Late medieval period — Initially king Udayana was opposed to Buddhismbut later became a follower of Buddha and made Buddhism the state religion.

While some of manajanapadas janas evolved into their own janapadas, others appear to have mixed together to form a common Janapada.

The Great Rebellionc. Problems of Ancient India, pp. The alluvial plains of this region and its proximity to the copper and iron rich areas of Bihar and Jharkhand helped the kingdom to develop good quality weapons and support the agrarian economy. Buddha was taken ill at Pava and died at Kusinara, whereas lord Mahavira took his Nirvana at Pavapuri. Other great kings were Prithu, Harishchandra, and Dilip, who are each mentioned in janapadws Puranas, Ramayan, and Mahabharat. Early modern Mughal Dynastyc.


This was the one and only conquest of Bimbisara. Periods of Sri Lanka.


Mahajanaapdas on, Pataliputra became the capital of Magadha. There is a Jataka reference to king Dhananjaya, introduced as a prince from the race of Yudhishtra. It was the most important entreport of goods and passengers from the north-west and south. Later, the kingdom was ruled by the famous king Prasenajit during the era of Mahavira and Buddha, followed by his son Vidudabha Virudhaka.

Janapada – Wikipedia

The Mahabharata refers to several Ganah or Republics of the Kambojas. The princes janapasas this country are said to have come from the line of Druhyu who was a famous king of the Rigvedic period.

Kosala was ultimately merged into Magadha when Vidudabha was Kosala’s ruler. The term ” Janapada ” literally means the foothold of a tribe.

A branch of Matsya is also found in later days in the Vizagapatam region.