most Azerbaijanis in Iran referred to themselves as Turks. .. 12 Zehtabi, Iran Turklerinin Eski Tarixi; Heyat, “Regression of Azeri Language.” 13 E.M. 3 M.T. Zehtabi, Iran Turklerinin Eski Tarixi. Ikinci chap (Tebriz: Artun, ). 4 Rahim Rayees-Nia, Azerbaijan dar Seir-e Tarikh-e Iran, 2 vols. (Tabriz: Nima. compared with more than 20 million Azeris in Iran. The two from northwestern Iran to the Caspian Sea in the east M.T. Zehtabi, Iran Turklerinin Eski Tarixi.

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Pishevari resigned from the government and left for Baku. Turklernin also heard and learned about the struggle of our people for self-determination, for justice, equality, freedom and liberation. Azeri ya Zaban-e Bastani-ye Azerbaijan. Based on their mutual agreement, the allied forces were to leave Iran by March 2, The officially fabricated Iranian history was rapidly replacing the existing oral and written histories of various ethnic groups.

The Multiple Identities of Azerbaijan

Moreover, the Bills asked for the distribution of all state-owned lands, along with the water rights, rivers, springs and ganats, among the peasants who lived on those lands and who cultivated them.

He bravely ventures to deny the common history, language, culture, religion, tradition, norms and values between a people living on northern and southern banks of the Araz River. Further, the government assured the Azerbaijani people that ‘traitors and reactionaries’ would be purged from the gendarmerie; that a ‘people’s army’ would be formed from local militia groups; and that Azeri-Turkic would be the official language of the state.

Facing no mentionable resistance, the Shah’s army invaded Azerbaijan and savagely massacred its people see also Douglas ; JAMI From the very beginning I tried to be a part of that struggle, a part of that movement for broader social justice and restoration of human dignity.

The existing literature on the Republic has not been sensitive to race, class, gender and other biases emanating from social position and location of the researchers. In a short period of time, the Khiyabani movement was able to gain the support of Azerbaijani people, disarm the central government’s forces, and declare Azerbaijan an autonomous republic called Azadistan or The Land of Freedom Taqiyeva ; Azari On the pretext of supervising parliamentary elections, on November 24,Qavam ordered the troops to march into Azerbaijan.

Conclusion The second world war has left a lasting impact on the struggle of Iran’s various nations for self-determination. The assembly was composed of deputies, all democrats and Azeri nationalists from various backgrounds such as workers and laborers, who were determined on demanding autonomy for Azerbaijan see also Atabaki, P.


The Multiple Identities of Azerbaijan | Arastirmax – Scientific Publication Index

The change that ADP leaders introduced was conservative and reformist, not revolutionary and sovereigntist, as the people would have wanted. Aside from some sporadic government sponsored journalistic references e. Iran and the Cold War: Poverty and Revolution in Iran. The non-Persian nationalities were written new histories in line with Persian racist ideology. True, the Araz divides a nation But the earth underneath is one! Now the farmer’s share rose from about 20 per cent in the old system to more than 43 per cent see also Atabaki, P.

The invading army stayed in Azerbaijan for five years, continuing the tarkxi of ADP supporters. Regarding the autonomy of Azerbaijan, and its secession from Iran, the ADP sent controversial messages every now and then. And finally, in a British orchestrated coup detat took oran in Iran and reached its culmination in bringing to power a military dictator, known at the time as Reza Khan the Cossack. Notwithstanding the roles played by the US, the USSR, and the Britain in the defeat of the movement, one important internal factor remains central in the fall of the two republics.

In the course of less than one year, the Democratic Government was able to lay the foundation of a modern educational system in Azerbaijan. Fawcett’s Iran and the Cold War: And all this because the leaders of ADP had chosen the Soviets’ trade and security considerations over the independence and autonomy of their own people and their own Republic!

It was only after the fall of Pahlavi regime that books and articles began to appear on Azerbaijan and Kurdistan democratic republics for an lran on Kurdish Republic see Eagleton, As a major step in eliminating feudal oppression, it started a land distribution program all over the Republic. It was these kinds of fascistic and racist attitudes that brought the sentiments of Azeri people to a boiling point and paved the way for demands for autonomy and independence through the democratic movement.

I learned from my travels in Azerbaijan in that Pishevari was an astute politician who forged a program for Azerbaijan that is still enormously popular Among the important published works after the revolution, one could mention L.

They then issued a list of demands asking for autonomy similar to that of Azerbaijan and Kurdistan. All fascistic and reactionary elements were employed by the Pahlavi regime, and were sent to areas populated by non-Persians.

The nationalistic and socio-political demands of Azerbaijani people were esk demands rooted in their culture and history.


After the irah of Azerbaijan, the Shah’s army marched into the neighboring Republic of Kurdistan. For instance, a man named ‘Mostowfi’ was sent to Tabriz as the governor of Eastern Azerbaijan. Throughout his military career as a Cossack trooper, Reza Khan had never hidden his hatred for non-Persian Iranians.

After five years the Shah furklerinin national amnesty in Azerbaijan and the military rule was lifted. Some leftist individuals and organizations have also provided their own account of the movement e. The Russian Army had been on its best behavior. Lehezati az Zendegi-ye Sefer Qehremanian.

Furklerinin Persian Army–the army of emancipation–was a savage army of occupation. As a direct result of the war, Iran was invaded by the Soviet and British forces; the Pahlavi regime’s oppressive military was curtailed, and Iran’s dictator, Reza Shah Pahlavi was deposed and forced to exile.

More than this, in respect to issues concerning human rights, particularly women’s rights and freedom, the situation even worsened and kept deteriorating.

He made it clear that there would be “death but no return” to the colonial conditions Azerbaijan, Dec. His account serves oran support Persian nationalistic ideology, emphasizing the centralized authority and denying the right of various nationalities for self-determination. While emphasizing the mutual respect, cooperation and brotherhood between the two oppressed nations, the treaty provided for military alliance, exchange of diplomatic missions, fair kran of minorities and common diplomatic action towards the Pahlavi regime in Tehran see also Roosevelt, Qiyam-e Sheykh Mohammad-e Khiyabani der Tabriz.

In Augusthe entrusted the editorialship of Azhir to friends and returned to Azerbaijan to form the Azerbaijan Democratic Party. Achievements of the Movement The Turkllerinin Democratic Government quickly proceeded to carry out its plans. Nevertheless, two days later, the ADP, eskj heavy pressures from the Soviets, decided to give up resistance and allow the Iranian army enter into Azerbaijan. Although the ADP leaders played an essential role in the formation of Azerbaijan Democratic Republic, they nevertheless failed to do their duties as leaders of a revolutionary movement.

The racist Pahlavi regime had sought to enforce a Persian nationalistic ideology in line with fascistic Nazi German philosophy. As a result, women participated in various positions from administration to teaching to working in the hospitals and even to serving in the national army of Turklerininn JAMI, PP.