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A comparison of the findings for the aforementioned semi-prisms to the FHWA-SA 1 compressive strength requirement reveals that all the grouts studied would be code-compliant the minimum strength yuia was How to cite item.

micropilotes de hormigon armado pdf

The coefficient was calculated with Equation [ 2 ] below, proposed by Andrade et al. In the present study, this property was analysed in terms of the steady state micropliotes diffusion coefficient, found indirectly from electrical resistivity data It also provides that in grout used as anti-corrosion protection for the reinforcement the w: This improvement is related to the hydraulic properties of blast furnace slag.

Most of micropilotex grouts prepared with slag-bearing cement meet the compressive strength requirements laid down in the various codes and standards for micropiles and soil anchors, whether measured on cm diameter, cm high cylindrical specimens or 4-cm square, cm deep prismatic specimens. In Spain cement grout for micropiles is usually prepared with type I portland cement, although no cement type guiz explicitly specified in the Ministry of Internal Development’s guide for designing and building micropiles in road works 2whose provisions in this regard are confined to minimum compressive strength and cement strength class.


Climent Universidad de Alicante, Spain. In the day specimens, the highest resistivity values were recorded for the CEM III micropilootes, a finding that concurred with earlier reports These results are consistent with the findings on effective porosity, electrical resistivity and post-submersion absorption and can be attributed to the more highly refined pore network in the blast furnace slag-blended material.


Cement grout for micropiles and soil anchors made with high blast furnace slag content cement can develop suitable mechanical strength and durability after hardening for a mmicropilotes time. This research aimed to characterise durability-related properties and compressive strength in cement grout prepared with a commercial cement blended with blast furnace slag at different w: Article Tools Print this article.

Ortega Universidad de Alicante Spain. The protocol for monitoring soil anchor construction laid down in the aforementioned micrpilotes 4 suggests that compressive strength should be determined in 7- and day grout.

These aluminates, formed as a result of the hydration of the high Al 2 O 3 content in blast furnace slag, react with chlorides to form chloraluminates, thereby preventing ion diffusion across the material Both cements were compliant with reference guide 24 minimum strength class requirements Standard test method for specific gravity, absorption, and voids in hardened concrete, Philadelphia.

Moreover, the fact that early age electrical resistivity values were similar in the two types of cement studied, but slightly higher for CEM I at w: Essential tool for analysis of Hygral behaviour and its relation to pore structure, Cem.

In Spain, the grout for these special technical applications is generally prepared with portland cement, although the codes and standards in place stipulate only the minimum compressive strength required, with guka mention of cement type. Soil anchors are another type of special geotechnical application.

micropilotes de hormigon armado pdf

Note that the fixed anchor transfers the load to the terrain across cement grout, which can also be used to fill the rest of the bore hole. Upon conclusion of the test, the specimens were split along the centreline and the depth of water penetration was measured in each half.

Post-submersion absorption furnishes information on the pore volume in a material. Albaladejo Universidad de Alicante, Spain. This study, as noted earlier, aimed to analyse the behaviour of cement grout, not concrete.

Three specimens were tested per cement type and w: Pastor Universidad de Alicante – Consulteco, S. Cement grout for micropiles is generally prepared with a w: Durability and compressive strength of blast furnace slag-based cement grout for special geotechnical applications.


Consequently, given the relationship between microstructure and durability in cement-based materials 1314blast furnace slag additions reduce their permeability and enhance their resistance to aggressive agent ingress 8 This would mean that at very early ages, the microstructure of CEM III would be less refined than at older ages and the volume of pores accessible to water would be greater.

Further to the electrical resistivity and post-submersion absorption findings for hardened grout designed for micropiles and soil anchors, when made from cements with a high blast furnace slag content the material has a more refined pore network than when prepared with a comparable portland cement. The findings for this parameter are depicted in Figure 3. The findings also indicate that the w: Grout chloride resistance was also analysed, inasmuch mixropilotes these ions are among the primary inducers of steel corrosion, particularly in micropiles and soil anchors in contact with aggressive water or soil.

Effective porosity, in turn, is directly related to the volume of pores accessible to water and therefore to aggressive agents such as chloride ions, which may corrode the steel used to reinforce micropiles and soil anchors. US manual FHWA-SA 1in micropilotfs, stipulates that the compressive strength of grout used to build micropiles should be determined on 5-cm cubic specimens, which were not tested in this study. Moreover, the fact that in soil anchors and micropiles the reinforcing steel is embedded in cement grout cement paste distinguishes these members from other civil engineering structures, where it is embedded in concrete.

As in micropiles, the cement grout for soil anchors is normally prepared with type I portland cement, although neither standard UNE-EN This parameter is an indirect measure of connectivity and pore size in a material.