Description. Flavius Vegetius Renatus, the 4th century AD writer on military matters, was more well known during the Middle Ages than today. His “Epitoma Rei. Epitoma rei militaris. by Vegetius Renatus, Flavius; Reeve, Michael D. Publication date Language Latin; English. Book digitized by. De re militari (Latin “Concerning Military Matters”), also Epitoma rei militaris, is a treatise by the . Xii in the Royal Library, written and ornamented for Richard III of England, is a translation of Vegetius. It ends with a paragraph starting: “Here.
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De re militari | Open Library
And those too far behind, destitute of assistance, fall a sacrifice to the enemy and their own despair. He gave out the parole and order for the march and for the guards.
The new levies also should be taught by the masters at arms the system of drill called armatura, as it is still partly kept up among us. Last edited by Anand Chitipothu. On the contrary, a stab, though it penetrates but two inches, is generally fatal.
The fifth has likewise five hundred and fifty-five foot and sixty-six horse, which should be some of the best men, being posted on the left flank as the first cohort is on the right. The chief mllitaris of the whole legion is the eagle and is carried by the eagle-bearer. But the method of the ancients no longer is followed.
These ten cohorts form the complete legions, consisting in englisg whole of six thousand one hundred foot and seven hundred and twenty-six horses. Even after the introduction of gunpowder to Europe, it was carried by general officers and their staffs as a field guide to methods. Can you add one?
Epitoma rei militaris
What can be expected from a foot-archer without cuirass or helmet, who cannot hold at once his bow and shield; or from the ensigns whose bodies are naked, and who cannot at the same time carry a shield and the colors? Nor is anything of more consequence either on the march or in the line than that they should keep their ranks with the greatest exactness.
Fishermen, fowlers, confectioners, weavers, and in general all whose professions more properly belong to women should, in my opinion, by no means be admitted into the service.
Recruits were to be hardened so as to be able to march twenty miles in half a summer’s day at ordinary step and twenty-four miles at quick step. Cato the Elder, who was often Consul and always victorious at the head of the armies, believed he should do his epiitoma more essential service by writing on military affairs, than by all his exploits in the field.
II, Berlin,although brief, is very acute.
In choosing recruits regard should be given to their trade. He is also prompted thereto by interest, the most prevailing consideration among men. Wikiquote has quotations related to: Then the legions and auxiliaries, cavalry and infantry, have the ground distributed to them to pitch their tents according to the rank of the several corps. In the first place every century has a balista mounted on a carriage drawn by mules and served by a mess, that is by ten men from the century to which it belongs.
Please try again later. It went on into the 18th and 19th centuries as a source of policy and strategy to the major states of Europe.
To do this, he eulogises the army of the early Empire. There were, for the same reason, Candidatii Duplares, and Candidatii Simplares.
Some of the divisions being apt through negligence to move too fast, and others too slow, great care is to be taken to prevent the army from being broken or from running into too great a length, as the enemy would instantly take advantage of the mklitaris and penetrate without difficulty.
For the consequences of brave actions are only temporary, while whatever is committed to writing for public good is of lasting benefit. They arc provided with all sorts of arnms, arrows, fustibali, slings, stones, onagri and balistae for their defense. The flanks of the baggage, exposed to frequent ambuscades, must also be covered with a sufficient guard to secure them. The recruits having thus been carefully chosen with proper attention to their persons and dispositions, and having been daily exercised for the space of four months at least, the legion is formed by the command and under the auspices of the Emperor.
We are told that the greatest generals have carried their precautions on this head so far that, not satisfied with the simple description epitomw the country wherein they were engaged, they caused epiotma to be taken of it on the spot, that they might regulate their marches by the eye with greater safety.
It is a wonder to me that more people have not discovered translations such as this one, Vegetius’s seminal work “Epitome of Military Science”. In short, both legionary and auxiliary troops should continually be drilled in cutting wood, carrying burdens, passing ditches, swimming in the sea or in rivers, marching in the full step and even running with their arms and baggage, so that, inured to labor in peace, they may find no difficulty in war. They made these marches not in plain and even ground militqris, but both cavalry and infantry were ordered into difficult and uneven places and to ascend or descend mountains, to prepare them for all kinds of accidents and familiarize them with the different maneuvers that the various situations of a country may require.
They had also Centurions appointed to each century, now called Centenarii and Decani, who commanded ten men, now called heads of messes.