Description. Flavius Vegetius Renatus, the 4th century AD writer on military matters, was more well known during the Middle Ages than today. His “Epitoma Rei. Epitoma rei militaris. by Vegetius Renatus, Flavius; Reeve, Michael D. Publication date Language Latin; English. Book digitized by. De re militari (Latin “Concerning Military Matters”), also Epitoma rei militaris, is a treatise by the . Xii in the Royal Library, written and ornamented for Richard III of England, is a translation of Vegetius. It ends with a paragraph starting: “Here.

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For the possessions of the subjects cannot be kept secure otherwise than by the defense of arms.

Full text of “The Military Institutions Of The Romans [De Re Militari].pdf (PDFy mirror)”

The sixth includes five hundred and fifty-five foot and sixty-six horse, which should be the flower of the young soldiers as it draws up in the rear of the eagle and the images of the emperors, and on the right of the second line.

Every soldier, therefore, fixed a post firmly in the ground, about the height of six feet. The military mark, which is indelible, is first imprinted on the hands of the new levies, and as their names are inserted in the roll of the legions they take the usual oath, called the military oath.

This is a reformation the advantages of which will be equally felt by ourselves and our posterity. War, Peace and Conquest in the Roman World. The sods are cut with iron instruments. According to his statement, his principal sources were Cato the Elder, Cornelius Celsus, Paternus, Frontinus, and the regulations and ordinances of Augustus, Trajan and Hadrian.

We find that the Romans owed the conquest of the world to no other cause than continual military training, exact observance of discipline in their camps and unwearied cultivation of the other arts of war.

In the next place, they are to double again and form four deep. Enblish the river is too deep to be forded either by the cavalry or infantry, the water is drawn off, if it runs in a plain, by cutting a great number of trenches, and thus it is passed with ease. Re not the Epirots acquire in former times a great reputation in war? But the case would be quite different, were they even heavier than they are, if by constant practice he had been accustomed to wear them.


Publius Flavius Vegetius Renatus

A soldier, thus perfect in his business, so far from engliah any backwardness to engage, will be eager for an opportunity of signaling himself.

The Campignei or Antefignani are those whose duty it is to keep the proper exercises and discipline among the troops. But if the enemy is near, all the cavalry and half the infantry are to be drawn up in order of battle to cover the rest of the troops at work on the entrenchments and be ready to receive the enemy if they offer to attack.

This page was last edited on 5 Decemberat A stroke with the edges, though made with ever so much force, seldom kills, as the vital parts of the body are defended both by the bones and armor.

A multitude never broke out into open sedition at once and with unanimous consent. The dimensions must be exactly computed by the engineers, so that the size of the camp may be proportioned to the number of troops. No man of either profession ever militwris himself in the circus or field of battle, who was not perfect in this kind of exercise.

A stroke with the edges, though made with ever so much force, seldom kills, as the vital parts of the body are defended both by the bones and armor. They thoroughly understood the importance of hardening them by continual practice, and of training them to every maneuver that might happen in the line and in action.

The present edition includes the first three books of Vegetius’ work, omitting only repetitions. In a temporary camp it should face the route by which the army is to march. Reputably, it was commissioned by the Roman Emperor as sort of a “last ditch ” attempt to jump start the Roman military back into it’s former glory and effectiveness. They should have corn, wine, vinegar, and even salt, in plenty at all times.

They had shields, cuirasses, helmets, greaves, swords, daggers, loaded javelins, and two of the common missile weapons.


Those who fought in the first line of their respective legions were called principes, in the second hastati, and in third triarii. A legion should never be composed of a less number of men, but it is sometimes stronger by the addition of other Millarian Cohorts.

The Army of the early Empire was a formidable fighting force, but it probably was not in its entirety quite wnglish good as Vegetius describes. It was followed in quick succession by editions in Cologne, Paris and Rome. Vegetius emphasized things such as mlitaris of soldiers as a disciplined force, orderly strategymaintenance of supply lines and logisticsquality leadership and use of tactics and even deceit to ensure advantage over the opposition. A sufficient time is also required for his instruction in the different branches of the service.

The light-armed troops, composed as above mentioned, advanced in the front of the line, and attacked the enemy. They themselves swim their horses across the river and draw the floats after them by a leather thong. There is the greater reason for instructing all troops, without exception, in this exercise, as the sling cannot be reckoned any incumbrance, and often is of the greatest service, especially when they are obliged to engage in stony places, to defend a mountain or an epitmoa, or to repulse an enemy at the attack of a castle or city.

But the centurions had complete cuirasses, shields, and helmets of iron, the crest of which, placed transversely thereon, were ornamented with silver that they might be more easily distinguished by their respective soldiers.

The classical form would have been the ablative.

But, if unfortunately this immense army should be defeated, the numbers lost must necessarily be very great, and the remainder, who save themselves by flight, too much dispirited to be brought again to action. In the whole legion there were fiftyfive.

He, therefore, who desires peace, should prepare for war.