Montoso Gardens Botanical Garden and Online Nursery, your source for exotic tropical plants. Calathea allouia, also known as leren, is a plant in the arrowroot family, native to northern South America and the Caribbean, It is considered native to Cuba. Guinea arrowroot or sweet corn root (Calathea allouia) is an oleiferous species which has been known and cultivated for a long time by the indigenous peoples.
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Flower head Photograph by: Genetic resources are maintained practically in situ by traditional growers and indigenous populations. The rhizomes, harvested at the same time, are tolerant of both drying and flooding, and divided and replanted again at the onset of the rainy season. Year ISBN Description The second edition of an calatuea guide to the allluia uses of plants, though it does not give any details of cultivation etc.
Discovery of an ancient guayusa plantation in Colombia. It can grow in semi-shade light woodland or no shade.
Alloula tender flower spikes are alllouia cooked. Guinea arrowroot is a vegetable that is especially recommended for use caoathea agroforestry systems where its agronomic limitations, considered from the point of view of conventional monoculture for example its shade requirement and its method of propagationcould be changed into advantages.
Guinea arrowroot is distributed geographically through Puerto Rico, the Antilles and countries situated in northern South America the Guyanas, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Brazil countries in which it is assumed to have originated. It is sustaining a loss of genetic variability because its cultivation is increasingly being abandoned. Estudio de compuestos presentes en Ilex argentina Lillo Aquifoliaceae. Guinea arrowroot or sweet corn root Calathea allouia is an oleiferous species which has been known and cultivated for a long time by the indigenous peoples of tropical America.
Product yields of 10 tonnes per hectare, and on small plots of 2 to 12 tonnes per hectare, have been reported. Calathea allouia is a perennial species which forms clusters of 1 m in height.
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The flowers are white and in spiral. Histidine found in Root ppm.
The flowers are small, and simple, number four or five and have a whitish corolla. The tuberous roots of Guinea arrowroot are eaten cooked and their texture remains crisp even after long cooking, a characteristic which makes it very palatable. Not for the casual reader. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included.
The tuberous roots contain 13 to 15 percent starch and 6.
Calathea allouia – Useful Tropical Plants
Allouis irrigating the plantation in critical periods, a product yield of close to 15 tonnes per hectare and with more uniform roots has been achieved in Manaus. The inflorescences are in corymboid fascicles, the male ones in a dichasium with three to 11 flowers, the female ones with one or three flowers.
Guinea arrowroot is normally grown in small areas where subsistence farming is frequently carried out in association with cassava, plantain or fruit-trees. Leren usually reproduces itself through rhizomes which produce shoots and new plants. Root – cooked[ 46 ]. Productivity of the tuberous roots is quadrupled if they are grown on plots treated with organic fertilizers fruit and vegetable waste. Methionine found in Root ppm. At calaghea, in communities further away from towns in Amazonia it is rare to meet a grower who still keeps Guinea arrowroot in his garden.
In spite of the marked weight loss percent after ten weeks – the best method of storing the tubers is to put them in the vegetable fibre baskets which farmers use to store roots, tubers and meal, and which are lined on the outside with dry leaves.
It is improbable that its place is in monoculture with an intensive use of inputs and with high yields, and it is probably only a matter of time before it is completely abandoned in that context. Guinea arrowroot requires soils of medium texture because very clayey soils impair the development of the tuberous roots while in sandy soils its growth is deficient.
Glutamic-acid found in Root ppm Glycine found in Root ppm. Archived copy calathew title Articles with ‘species’ microformats Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms. Leren Calathea allouiaa little known tuberous root crop of the Caribbean. University Press of Colorado, pp.
In Puerto Rico, it is sown in the shade of coffee trees. Since, generally speaking, this technique is accompanied by others that increase the yield, such as cultivation care and improved pruning methods, the higher production cost is compensated for.
Aspartic-acid found in Root ppm. This page was last edited on 24 Mayat The infraspecific classification of I. The cooked tuber is covered with a thin, edible calatnea which is most easily peeled after cooking. Its cultivation is declining as it has been replaced by other crops.
Seed – Division of tubers Cuttings of basal shoots. In Brazilian Amazonia, its increasing abandonment seems to have been caused by two main factors: Since research regarding similar subjects is being continued on I.
Basic biological studies that can form the basis for phytotechnical improvements need to be encouraged and new vegetative propagation techniques researched. Leucine found in Root ppm. The corte mesa system not only increases the czlathea but is also better suited to mechanical harvesting.
Duke’s Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases.
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Calathea allouia – Aubl. The physical and chemical qualities of the soil alouia Guinea arrowroot’s productivity. Guinea arrowroot is a species very sensitive to small water shortages and a greater availability of water has the effect of bringing forward and stimulating growth of the tuberous roots and encouraging the formation of new rhizomes.
Pflanzenfam 2nd ed, p Observations made on the basis of research and collection maintenance caoathea suggest the presence of a certain genetic variability among the different introductions, particularly when morphological characteristics and tuber size are examined.