The buccinator is a thin quadrilateral muscle occupying the interval between the maxilla and the mandible at the side of the face. It forms the anterior part of the. The buccinator mechanism was investigated by injecting alginate into the buccal space of volunteers and examining the set shape, and by dissection of. (b) The buccinator mechanism during activity. The oral screen is placed predentally and stimulates the sensory input by touching the intra-oral membranes (V).

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The buccinator during mastication: a functional and anatomical evaluation in minipigs

These transducers have a stiff diaphragm with a semiconductor strain gauge affixed to the interior, a frequency response of 2. Peaks of pressure corresponded with minimal anteroposterior lengths and maximal thickness both in food gathering and in mastication. We could not mechaanism that any fibers truly originated from the alveolar attachments, which may explain why tension was never observed here.

Table 2 Buccinator muscle strains for different foods a. Salivary tissue was found throughout most sections, even between the buccinator fibers Fig. By keeping mechwnism food in the correct position when chewing, the buccinator assists the muscles of mastication.

The buccinator mechanism.

Even pig chow was only eaten by 5 of the 6 animals, apple by 4, and the other foods only by Table 2. Genioglossus Hyoglossus chondroglossus Styloglossus Palatoglossus. This conclusion is in accord with the clear separation of buccinator and orbicularis oris motor pools within the facial nucleus.

At the other end of the spectrum, the two kinds of nuts unshelled pistachios and shelled almonds were most often associated with the smallest muscle strains. Dimensional changes were variable, probably because of distortions within the muscle.


Orbicularis oris Risorius Buccinator. In contrast to the buccinator, the orbicularis oris was less active mrchanism mastication than during food gathering, and when bursts were seen they coincided more often with the jaw closers than with the buccinator. Third, even when the muscle was passive, the higher resting pressure seen in prone anesthetized animals compared to the standing awake baseline was correlated with a shorter anteroposterior length of the buccinator.

In addition, in order to understand the muscle anatomy better, dissection was followed by histological study of the cheek so that the fiber direction could be discerned. buccniator

The buccinator mechanism.

A primary goal of this study was to establish whether and how the buccinator thickens the cheek. Therefore, in order to better understand the function of the buccinator during mastication and the effects on the alveolar bone, we undertook a study using minipigs Sus scrofathe nonprimate animal model most appropriate for the study of human mastication.

Mefhanism publisher’s final edited mefhanism of this article is available at Arch Oral Biol. A flat titanium-bodied pressure transducer Model P19F, 5mm diameter, 1.

Muscle abbreviations as in Fig. The single animal that drank during the daily sessions also drank during the final recording. For pressure and dimensional changes, 10—20 consecutive chewing cycles from each type of food were quantified using SonoView Sonometrics and Acqknowledge III.

The pigs were anesthetized with isoflurane and nitrous oxide during electrode placement. The very different technologies employed in measuring pressure in the human oral cavity have produced a wide variety of values, 101618 but bucinator estimates for mastication are reasonably close to ours, 3.


Veli palatini mechaniism levator Musculus uvulae Palatopharyngeus Palatoglossus. Extrinsic Genioglossus Hyoglossus chondroglossus Styloglossus Palatoglossus.

Only one animal drank liquid orange juice during the sessions. Physiology of feeding in buccinatog pigs. With the possible exception of dried apricot, all of the natural foods we used would either produce juice or would fracture or both when crushed. Sonometric distances were recorded digitally to a separate computer running SonoLab software Sonometrics. This well-defined pattern was observed in all 6 animals studied nechanism mastication of pig chow and was also seen in 3 other pigs previously evaluated data from laboratory archives.

Pressure changes were not quantified for food gathering cycles, but, like dimensional changes, were clearly smaller than during mastication Fig. Therefore, the surgery and implantations did not disrupt buccinator activity.

Buccinator muscle – Wikipedia

Comparison of masticatory EMG for pig chow and apple with skin Anteroposterior length and mediolateral thickness of the buccinator were evaluated with implanted sonomicrometry crystals, and pressure was measured by flat transducers placed beneath the mandibular origin of the buccinator.

Second, higher pressures for tough foods were generally associated with greater dimensional changes. Sensory innervation is supplied by the buccal branch one of the muscular branches of the mandibular part of the trigeminal cranial nerve V. As in other minipig studies, 2123 feeding behavior on solid food consisted of periods of food collection 0.